Hudson

Note: This piece currently is a work-in-process

The first Hudson

 1909 Hudson Model 20  (Photo by Mal Pearson)

1909 Hudson Model 20  (Photo by Mal Pearson)

Within a few years, Hudson was building the best six-cylinder engine in the land.

 1916 Hudson Super Six (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1916 Hudson Super Six (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

The Essex by Hudson was the first affordable closed roof sedan, sending sales through the roof, as it were.

 1923 Essex closed Coach (www.momentcar.com)

1923 Essex closed Coach (www.momentcar.com)

Hudson had become the #3 Selling carmaker in America in 1929. Then the Great Depression hit.

 1929 Hudson Dual-Cowl Phaeton (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1929 Hudson Dual-Cowl Phaeton (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

The Essex was was probably the best affordable car on the market. It couldn't keep Hudson out of bankruptcy

 1930 Essex Challenger (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1930 Essex Challenger (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

The new Hudson Terraplane was lightweight and powerful and, as its name implied, flew accross the earth. As such, famed flyer Emelia Earhart received one in exchange for promotional consideration. Gangster John Dillenger was said to prefer Terraplanes for their quick getaways. While Hudson didn't provide him with a promotional car, he still likely acquired his Terraplanes free of charge.

 1932 Hudson Terraplane Sport Sedan given to Emilia Earhart (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1932 Hudson Terraplane Sport Sedan given to Emilia Earhart (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

 1937 Hudson Terraplane advert

1937 Hudson Terraplane advert

Like the other Independents, Hudson offered innovations not found with the Big Three. 

 1940 Hudson Traveller UTILITY coupe (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1940 Hudson Traveller UTILITY coupe (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

Just before auto production shut down for war-time, Hudson produced some of the most stylish cars around. But several years after the war's conclusion, they were getting a bit long in the tooth.

 1942 Hudson super six station wagon (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1942 Hudson super six station wagon (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

 1947 Hudson super 8 convertible (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1947 Hudson super 8 convertible (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

That all changed in 1948 when Hudson introduced a revolutionary new car with unit-body construction and a sunken floor plan. Called "Step-Downs," their lower center of gravity gave them sleek looks and superior handling.

 1948 Hudson super six (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1948 Hudson super six (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

When Jack Kerouac hit the road to explore America and ignite the Beat Culture, he did it in a Hudson

 Jack Kerouac's Hudson At the Beat Museum in San Francisco  (photo by mal pearson)

Jack Kerouac's Hudson At the Beat Museum in San Francisco  (photo by mal pearson)

 On the Road          (American Zoetrope 2012)

On the Road          (American Zoetrope 2012)

Three years later, the car was restyled and given a new name. The Hudson Hornet also received what was at the time the biggest most powerful (145hp) six cylinder engine around. 

 1951 Hudson Hornet Advert

1951 Hudson Hornet Advert

In 1951, Hudson put its superior handling to good use with a factory racing program. Chief engineer, Vince Piggins, with the help of stockcar racing legends, Smokey Yunick and Marshall Teague, managed to coax 210 fire breathing horsepower out of that old fashioned side-valve six. The result of such raw power, combined with low center of gravity were the "Fabulous Hudson Hornets" that dominated NASCAR, winning 66 out of 108 NASCAR races from 1952-54. 

 3-time winston cup winner, The Fabulous Hudson Hornets (www.curbsideclassic.com)

3-time winston cup winner, The Fabulous Hudson Hornets (www.curbsideclassic.com)

When Pixar Studios needed a cantankerous anthropomorphic former stock car legend for its 2006 movie, Cars, the Hudson Hornet was the only choice. Just like there was no other voice for the part of Doc Hudson but the gravelly grace of actor/racer, Paul Newman. Doc Hudson steals every scene he is in, and the other car characters in the movie seem glad for it. Car Guys are glad for it, too, because the legend of the Fabulous Hudson Hornets now live on for future generations to enjoy. 

 3 time piston cup winner, Doc Hudson in  Cars  (Pixar 2006)

3 time piston cup winner, Doc Hudson in Cars (Pixar 2006)

This Hudson Hornet was spotted a few years ago parked in a lot a few blocks from Pixar's studio in Emeryville, CA. Could it have been the template for creating Doc Hudson? It is pictured here with this writer's own little template.

 Photo by Mal Pearson

Photo by Mal Pearson

In the early 1950s America's Independent carmakers had vertually no margin for error. Hudson's CEO, A.E Barit, had the money to develop a modern OHV V8 engine for a redesigned Hornet, like Studebaker and the Big 3 were doing, or do an all-new compact car in the hopes of grabbing sales the Big 3 were not contesting. He chose the latter and the result was the 1953 Hudson Jet. The gangly-looking Jet turned out to be an error if there ever was one. Hudson lost its independence the following year.  

 1953 Hudson Jet (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1953 Hudson Jet (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

The only thing good about the Jet was its chassis. It provided the foundation for a limited edition, Italian-built 2+2 coupe called the Italia. But with a combination of humble underpinnings and a price tag that was 20% more than a Cadillac Coupe DeVille, it is not surprising to anyone but A.E. Barit that the Italia could not save Hudson.  

 1954 Hudson Italia (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

1954 Hudson Italia (www.oldcarandtruckpictures.com)

Before 1954 was out, Hudson had been acquired by a better managed Independent, Nash Motors. The Hudson name lived on from 1955-57, but the cars were just Nashes with vaguely Hudsony looking grills. Hudson aficionados call them "The 5-6-7s," everyone else called them Hashes.

 Nash based 1955 Hudson Hornet, also known as the Hash

Nash based 1955 Hudson Hornet, also known as the Hash

Copyright@2018  by Mal Pearson